In July the World Bank issued its annual list of countries by income category: rich, middle, poor. Several African countries have graduated from poor to middle-income status. Yet some 15 of the 56 countries on the bank’s lower-middle income list (ie, over a quarter) also appear on the list of fragile and failed states maintained by the OECD, a rich-country club. They range from Côte d’Ivoire to Yemen; the most important of them are Pakistan and Nigeria. State failure, it appears, does not necessarily go hand in hand with other human woes, such as poverty.
Wealth, poverty and fragile states: MIFFed by misrule, The Economist, 21 July 2011
Conflict and fragility, OECD Development Co-operation Directorate (DCD-DAC) webpage (also see other links on governance, gender equality, poverty reduction, aid effectiveness and the environment)
New sources of aid: Charity begins abroad”, The Economist, 13 August 2011 (between 1951 and 1992 India received about $55 billion in foreign aid, making it the largest recipient in history. Now it seems on the verge of setting up its own aid-giving body. India’s switch from the world’s biggest recipient to donor is part of a wider change shaking up foreign aid.)