Generally, Africa lacks behind other continents in the area of infrastructure. This deficiency is particularly greater in the area of sanitation (65% coverage for sub-sahelian countries against a total of 82% for developing countries as a whole), electricity (24% against 58%) and rural road access (34% against 90%).
An annual growth of 7%, making it possible to attain the Millennium Development Goals on poverty reduction, will require a yearly investment of US$22 billion in infrastructure on the continent, 40%of which is in the transport sector, 25% in energy, 20% in water and the rest in telecommunications.
The four key areas under the infrastructure sector are sanitation, energy, transport and telecommunications.
2010 Annual Report – Investing in Infrastructure, African Development Bank
Chinese investment in Africa, African Development Bank
Africa’s infrastructure: A road to somewhere, The Economist, 21 July 2011
The Queensway syndicate and the Africa trade, The Economist, 13 August 2011 (the Economist’s view of the dark side of China’s involvement in Africa, involving China International Fund, Sonangol and others connected with the continent’s oil trade)