OECD R&D Scoreboard

The 10th edition of the OECD Science, Technology and Industry (STI) Scoreboard analyses the major trends in knowledge and innovation in today’s global economy. With over 180 indicators it presents a policy-oriented review of science, technology, innovation and industrial performance in OECD and major non-OECD countries (Brazil, Russian Federation, India, Indonesia, People’s Republic of China and South Africa).

Diminishing Marginal Productivity in Action

Once a source of economic dynamism, Latin American megacities risk becoming a drag on growth. Congestion, housing shortages, lawlessness, pollution and a lack of urban planning are contributing to a sharp slowdown in productivity in many LatAm economies, undermining the potential to enjoy economies of scale.

Productivity in Latin America: City limits”, The Economist, 13 August 2011
Building globally competitive cities: The Key to Latin American Growth”, McKinsey Global Institute, 2011

Governance, Aid & Growth

In July the World Bank issued its annual list of countries by income category: rich, middle, poor. Several African countries have graduated from poor to middle-income status. Yet some 15 of the 56 countries on the bank’s lower-middle income list (ie, over a quarter) also appear on the list of fragile and failed states maintained by the OECD, a rich-country club. They range from Côte d’Ivoire to Yemen; the most important of them are Pakistan and Nigeria. State failure, it appears, does not necessarily go hand in hand with other human woes, such as poverty.

Wealth, poverty and fragile states: MIFFed by misrule, The Economist, 21 July 2011

Conflict and fragility, OECD Development Co-operation Directorate (DCD-DAC) webpage (also see other links on governance, gender equality, poverty reduction, aid effectiveness and the environment)

New sources of aid: Charity begins abroad”, The Economist, 13 August 2011 (between 1951 and 1992 India received about $55 billion in foreign aid, making it the largest recipient in history. Now it seems on the verge of setting up its own aid-giving body. India’s switch from the world’s biggest recipient to donor is part of a wider change shaking up foreign aid.)